Congenital Heart Disease

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What are Congenital Heart Defects?

Congenital heart defects (CHDs) are the most common type of   birth defect. As medical care and treatment have advanced, babies with a CHD are living longer and healthier lives. Learn more facts about CHDs below.

CHDs are present at birth and can affect the structure of a baby’s heart and the way it works. They can affect how blood flows through the heart and out to the rest of the body. CHDs can vary from mild (such as a small hole in the heart) to severe (such as missing or poorly formed parts of the heart). About 1 in 4 babies born with a heart defect has a critical CHD    (also known as critical congenital heart defect).  Babies with a critical CHD need surgery or other procedures in the first year of life!!!

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Types

Listed below are examples of different types of CHDs. The types marked with a star (*) are considered critical CHDs.

  • Atrial Septal Defect

  • Atrioventricular Septal Defect

  • Coarctation of the Aorta*

  • Double-outlet Right Ventricle*

  • d-Transposition of the Great Arteries*

  • Ebstein Anomaly*

  • Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome*

  • Interrupted Aortic Arch*

  • Pulmonary Atresia*

  • Single Ventricle*

  • Tetralogy of Fallot*

  • Total Anomalous Pulmonary Venous Return*

  • Tricuspid Atresia*

  • Truncus Arteriosus*

  • Ventricular Septal Defect

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